LRD Booklets December 2020

The National Minimum Wage 2021 - a trade union guide

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Introduction

Introduction [pages 3-4] (788 words)

The National Minimum Wage, (NMW), which, since 2016, has included the National Living Wage (NLW), has been the UK’s statutory wage floor since 1998. ...
Open access

Chapter 1

1. Current rates and who is eligible [ch 1: pages 5-6] (743 words)

The National Minimum Wage (NMW) is the UK’s statutory wage floor. It was established in 1998 with passing of the National Minimum Wage Act 1998 by ...
Subscribers only

Who is eligible? [ch 1: pages 7-8] (594 words)

Who is exempt from the National Minimum Wage regulations [ch 1: pages 8-9] (398 words)

Chapter 2

2. What is and is not included in the NMW calculation? [ch 2: page 10] (210 words)

The National Minimum Wage Act 1998 (NMWA), and the National Minimum Wage Regulations 2015 (NMWR) specify how the NMW should be calculated, including ...
Subscribers only

Does the worker have the right documents? [ch 2: page 10] (200 words)

What is the pay reference period? [ch 2: pages 11-12] (520 words)

Working out gross pay: what counts towards the NMW? [ch 2: page 12] (130 words)

What cannot count towards the NMW? [ch 2: pages 12-14] (627 words)

What can an employer legally deduct? [ch 2: page 14] (208 words)

What counts as working time hours under the NMW? [ch 2: pages 14-15] (502 words)

Further resources [ch 2: pages 16] (49 words)

Chapter 3

3. What to do if there is a breach of the NMW (85 words)

Both current and former employees have the right to claim back pay under National Minimum Wage legislation if the NMW has been underpaid. ...
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Steps that a worker or their representative should take [ch 3: pages 17-20] (1,265 words)

How does HMRC enforce the NMW? [ch 3: pages 20-21] (449 words)

Chapter 4

4. Which workers are covered by the NMW? [ch 4: page 22] (48 words)

This chapter covers the key statistics related to the NMW, the types of workers that receive it and the type of work they do. The numbers cover a ...
Subscribers only

An estimated 7% of all jobs are paid at one of the minimum wage rates [ch 4: page 22] (107 words)

Characteristics of NMW workers [ch 4: page 22] (219 words)

Retail, hospitality and catering have the most NMW jobs [ch 4: page 23] (222 words)

Characteristics of the low paying sectors [ch 4: pages 23-24] (167 words)

Northern Ireland has the most NMW jobs, London the least [ch 4: page 24] (101 words)

Impact on collective bargaining [ch 4: pages 24-25] (640 words)

The impact of COVID-19 pushed many below the NMW [ch 4: page 26] (192 words)

Chapter 5

5. 2021 and beyond: the direction of travel for NMW policy [ch 5: page 27] (42 words)

This chapter sets out the direction of travel of travel of NMW policy, how it has developed since 2016 and where it is headed in the future. ...
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The Low Pay Commission and its remit [ch 5: pages 27-28] (649 words)

An emergency brake [ch 5: page 28] (122 words)

The LPC reduces NMW uplift for 2021 but sticks to long-term target [ch 5: pages 28-29] (377 words)

The union response [ch 5: pages 29-30] (243 words)

A higher rate [ch 5: page 30] (246 words)

A single rate for all age groups [ch 5: pages 30-31] (194 words)

Other changes [ch 5: page 31] (89 words)

Possible new EU Directive on the minimum wage [ch 5: pages 31-32] (395 words)

Chapter 6

6. Threats to the NMW as it is [ch 6: page 33] (64 words)

This chapter covers the different ways in which the integrity of National Minimum Wage (NMW) policy is being undermined. ...
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Underpayment of the NMW is high [ch 6: page 33] (263 words)

Poor enforcement [ch 6: pages 34-35] (801 words)

The low paid and bogus self-employed [ch 6: pages 36-37] (669 words)

Outsourced and agency workers also at risk of non-compliance [ch 6: pages 37-38] (400 words)

Chapter 7

7. Arguments for a higher NMW [ch 7: page 39] (75 words)

The aim of raising the NMW is to help the lowest paid and to combat the alarming rise in ‘in-work’ poverty. However, a higher minimum wage ...
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Failure to keep up with the cost of living [ch 7: pages 39-40] (750 words)

Debunking the government responses to calls for the rise to the NMW [ch 7: pages 40-43] (1,069 words)

Chapter 8

8. Organising for a Real Living Wage and beyond [ch 8: pages 44-46] (1,011 words)

Alongside the push to improve NMW policy at government level, since the early 2000s unions have also campaigned at the grassroots for workers on or ...
Subscribers only

Health and social care workers deserve a Living Wage [ch 8: pages 46-47] (338 words)

Case study one: PCS win for outsourced workers at BEIS [ch 8: pages 47-48] (706 words)

Case study two: From NMW to in-house — the St Mary’s Hospital workers [ch 8: pages 48-50] (678 words)

What reps can do now [ch 8: page 50] (70 words)

Further information

9. Further information (109 words)

For further information on the NMW, see: ...
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